Narrative editing: Narrative editing is editing footage in an order to create a narrative.
1) contiguity: Contiguity is editing where multiple things are happening at the same time, yet we know time is passing in all of them.
1A) cross cutting: Cross cutting, also known as inter cutting or parallel editing, is where events happening at the same time are cut between.
1B) Action match: Action match is where movement in one scene matches that in an other scene. For example, a ball being thrown would cut to someone running.
1C) Graphic match: Graphic match is where the shape of one object in one scene would match that in the next shot. For example a shot of a record spinning would cut to that of a car wheel.
2) Continuity: Continuity is showing events in the order in which they happen.
2A) establishing shot: An establishing shot is a shot that allows the audience to get a sense of the scene’s environment.
2B) Cut away: A cut away is where a shot of something is cut in between two “more important” shots, to give extra information or context.
2C) Glance Object: If a character glances at something, it then makes sense to show that object.
2D) Match on action: Match on action is where two shots match each other in content, for example a wide shot of one object and then a close up of the same object.
2E) Reaction shot: Reaction shot is where an event happens and then a reaction is shown.
2F) Shot reverse shot: Shot reverse shot is where shots of two or more characters are intercut between dialogue and rections.
2G) Master shot: Master shot is a shot that allows for close ups of an object to happen. For example a shot of a table top game before a piece of that game is shown moving.
3) Temporal structure: Temporal structure is how time passing is shown.
3A) Fast forward: Fast forward is where more than a seconds worth of film is shown in a second.
3B) Frame skip: Frame skip is where frames are missed out to save time